Adam


Adam
Hebrew for ‘man’; and the first of his kind according to the OT. There are two accounts of the creation in Genesis. In the first (1:1–2:4a, P), man and woman are created in the image of God, which means that human beings (Adam in Hebrew is a collective noun, meaning ‘humanity’) have a responsibility before God, unlike the animals: men and women are created together (1:27) and are complementary to each other, and each have a freedom to obey or disobey God's will. In the second story (2:4b–25, J), ‘Adam’ as a personal name is regarded as the chief of all created beings by being placed first in order; woman is created later, for man is incomplete without her.
All is peace in the garden until Adam and Eve disobey God's command, and then begin pain and toil and death, and the original relationship with God is broken. The myth of Gen. 3 is known as the Fall [[➝ Fall, the]].
In the NT Adam and Eve are regarded as historical persons and the genealogy of Jesus is traced back to Adam by Luke (3:38). Paul contrasts the first Adam of Genesis who was disobedient with the ‘last Adam’, Christ, who was obedient. All mankind, who are in solidarity with Adam, are corrupt and sinful; but through faith in Christ they receive life and grace and the hope of resurrection (1 Cor. 15:21–2). In Paul's argument the human experience of new life has been made possible by the events of recent history, namely the life, death, and resurrection of Jesus.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • ADAM — (אָדָם), the first man and progenitor of the human race. The Documentary Hypothesis distinguishes two conflicting stories about the making of man in Scripture (for a contrary view, see U. Cassuto, From Adam to Noah, pp. 71 ff.). In the first… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ADAM — En hébreu, le nom commun adam , toujours employé au singulier, signifie «homme» en tant qu’espèce et non en tant qu’individu de sexe masculin. L’étymologie en est discutée. Le récit de la Genèse (II, 7) l’a rapproché du mot adamah , «terre», mais …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Adam — may refer to: * Adam (name), a common given name and surname (list of people in that article)Adam, as a word or as an abbreviation, may also refer to:* Adam (Bible), the first man according to the Abrahamic religious tradition * Adam Kadmon, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Adam — bezeichnet: eine Person, die in der Bibel und dem Koran als erster Mensch benannt wird, siehe Adam und Eva den ursprünglichen Menschen in der kabbalistischen Lehre, siehe Adam Qadmon einen Familien sowie männlichen Vornamen, siehe Adam (Name)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adam — • First man and father of the human race Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Adam     Adam     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Adam — 〈m. 6〉 1. 〈nach bibl. Überlieferung〉 der erste Mensch 2. 〈fig.〉 der Mensch schlechthin ● den alten Adam ausziehen ein neuer Mensch werden; in ihm regt sich der alte Adam der sündhafte Mensch in ihm, der Mensch, der Versuchungen zugänglich ist; im …   Universal-Lexikon

  • ADAM — (Heb. אָדָם), city on the eastern bank of the Jordan River mentioned in Joshua 3:16 as the place where the Jordan ceased flowing at the time of the Israelite crossing. It also appears in the inscriptions of Pharaoh Shishak (10th century B.C.E.).… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ADAM (R. et J.) — ADAM ROBERT (1728 1792) & JAMES (1730 1794) Les architectes et décorateurs Robert et James Adam sont les fils d’un architecte écossais, William Adam. Ce dernier, déjà mêlé au courant du retour à l’antique qui depuis Inigo Jones triomphait en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Adam — Adam, Édouard Jean * * * (as used in expressions) Adam, pico de Adam, Robert Elsheimer, Adam Mickiewicz, Adam (Bernard) Oehlenschläger, Adam Gottlob Powell, Adam Clayton, Jr. Sedgwick, Adam Sienkiewicz …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adam — Sm erw. grupp. (12. Jh., als Appellativ) Onomastische Bildung. In der Bibel Name des ersten Menschen, zugleich hebräisches Wort für Mensch, Mann (hebr. ʾāḏām). Seit dem 12. Jh. verschiedene Wortverwendungen, die meist unmittelbar von Bibelstellen …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Adam — Ad am, n. 1. The name given in the Bible to the first man, the progenitor of the human race. [1913 Webster] 2. (As a symbol) Original sin; human frailty. [1913 Webster] And whipped the offending Adam out of him. Shak. [1913 Webster] {Adam s ale} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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